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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2003  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 112-115

Prevalence of obesity among diabetics in Ilorin, middle belt of Nigeria


1 Department of Chemical Pathology Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria
2 Department of Immunology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
S A Adebisi
Department of Chemical Pathology Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ilorin, P.M.B. 1515, Kwara State
Nigeria
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In order to determine the prevalence of obesity among patients with diabetes from the Middle Belt region of Nigeria, a cross-sectional study of patients with diabet es attend ing University of llorin Teaching Hospital's diabetic clinic was carried out . Three hundred and fifteen patients were incl uded in the study. The age of the patients ranged from 23 to 80 years. Seventy-one percent of the patients were females and over 80% were above the age of 40years . 69.8%, 27% and 3.2% of the patient s had diabetes for less than 10years, 10 - 20 years and more than 20years, respectively. Only 17.5% of the patients were treated with insulin. Overweight (grade I obesity) and obesity (grade II obesity) were present in 71 .1 % of females and 55 .3% of , respectively. People on dietary management alone had significantly higher p<0.05 body mass index (BMI) value than those on oral hypoglycaemic agents (OHA) and those on insulin; none of the patients among those on insulin had grade II obesity. The mean BMI fell significantly as the duration of treatment increased : .40kg/ m2 for those under 5years and 17 .60kg/ m 2 for those over 20 years . conclusion , obesity is common in patients with diabetes mellitus in the middle belt region of Nigeria . Management procedures for such patients should involve weight reduction strategies .


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