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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2004  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 115-118

Physicians' prescribing behaviour in two tertiary health care facilities in north-western Nigeria - Analysis of 518 prescriptions


Department of Community Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria

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MTO Ibrahim
P.O. Box 3477, Sokoto
Nigeria
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This descriptive, cross-sectional study examined physicians' prescribing behaviour in two tertiary care facilities in North-Western Nigeria . Five hundred and eighteen prescriptions issued to patients attending out-patient s' clinics in the study facilities were examined using the WH O / I NRUD drug use indicators. The study findings showed an average of 3 .5 drugs per prescription , 55.7% generic prescribing, 51.2% antibiotic prescriptions , 40.6% injection prescrip tions and 16.4% of patient-doctor verbal communication on use of prescribed drugs . Estimation and deduction of the cost of irrationally prescribed antibiotics and injections from the average cost of prescribed drugs (232.83) resulted in a 26.7% reduction in the cost of drugs per prescription. Appropriate recommendations are made in the light of observed findings .


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