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Year : 2005  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 100-105

Childhood dilated cardiomyopathy in Jos, Nigeria

Department of Paediatrics, Jos University Teaching Hospital, PMB 2076, Jos, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
F Bode-Thomas
P 0. Box 7023, Jos
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Objective: to study the pattern of childhood dilated cardiomyopathy in Jos University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria. Methodology : Paediatric echocardiography records (January 2000 to June 2002-2 and% years) were reviewed and cases of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) identified. Clinical, radiologic, electro- and echocardiographic data of identified cases were reviewed. Results: childhood DCM (6 cases) was the commonest acquired heart condition diagnosed in children under the age of 5 years. Four patients presented with recurrent episodes of congestive heart failure (CHF) while 2 presented during their first episode. DCM was Initially considered in only 1 child. Another child suffered a cerebro-vascular accident (CVA) before the diagnosis was made. Conclusions: DCM should be considered early in young children with long-standing or recurrent CHF. A high index of suspicion, early diagnosis and appropriate management should reduce morbidity, prevent complications and prolong survival.

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