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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 74-77

Possible role of HIV in stroke: HIV status of stroke patients as seen in A Tertiary Hospital

1 Department of Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria
2 Department of Medicine, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Maiduguri, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
S A Balarabe
Department of Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital Sokoto, P. M. B. 2370, Sokoto
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Background: Stroke has been reported as a complication of HIV/AIDS. However, sparse data exists to quantify the risk of AIDS-associated stroke. The purpose of this study was to determine the HIV status of stroke patients; as well as the frequency of well-established stroke risk factors disease. Method: This was a hospital-based, case-control study. Sixty five (65) consecutive stroke patients (36 males and 29 females) aged 20-68 years and sixty five (65) age-and-sex matched controls were enrolled. A structured questionnaire was administered. Neurological examination was performed and computed tomography scan of the brain done. Blood samples were taken for HIV 1&2 screening using ELISA method positive test using two different kits constituted a positive result. Result: The frequency of HIV infection among stroke cases was significantly higher than in controls 13 (20%) versus 3 (4.6%): p-value <0.016. Odds ratio 5.17. Conclusion: Human Immunodeficiency virus infection might be a risk factor for ischemic stroke in the adult population of North-eastern Nigeria. Therefore, a longitudinal community based study is suggested to further elucidate the relationship between HIV infection and risk of stroke.

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