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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 74-77

Endophthalmitis in a tertiary center in Nigeria

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Odarosa M Uhumwangho
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, P.M.B. 1111
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DOI: 10.4103/1118-8561.160803

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Background: Endophthalmitis is a sight-threatening condition due to inflammation of intraocular structures usually from infectious organisms. The study aims to identify the pattern of presentation of endophthalmitis in a tertiary center in Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A retrospective observational study of cases with a diagnosis of endophthalmitis. Results: Twenty-six eyes of 26 patients were found comprising, 20 (76.9%) males and 6 (23.1%) females. The mean age of the patients was 32.4 ± 24.5 years (range 2-68 years) of which 11 (42.3%) were ≤ 16 years (P < 0.005). There were 14 (53.8%) right eyes and 12 (46.2%) left eyes involved. The most common etiology was post traumatic infection in 16 (61.5%) cases of which 11 (68.8%) occurred in children ≤ 16 years. Complications of cataract surgery was the only surgically related etiology in 7 (26.9) cases. Endogenous endophthalmitis is a rare occurrence. Conclusion: Supervised play in children, strict adherence to asepsis protocol in surgeries, prompt diagnosis with well-equipped ancillary investigations and appropriate early intervention will help limit the incidence of endophthalmitis and improve outcomes.

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