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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 162-170

Factors influencing health-seeking behavior of health workers in a Tertiary Health Institution in Sokoto, Northwest Nigeria


1 Department of Community Health, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
2 Department of Clinical Services, Federal Medical Center, Bida, Niger State, Nigeria
3 Department of Clinical Services, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria
4 Department of Clinical Services, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria
5 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Federal Medical Center, Birnin Kebbi, Kebbi State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Habibullah Adamu
Department of Community Health, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto
Nigeria
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DOI: 10.4103/smj.smj_55_16

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Background: Health-care workers have the potential to acquire or transmit infections during the course of their work. There is, therefore, a need to assess the pattern of their health-seeking behavior. This study aimed to determine the pattern of health-seeking behavior of health workers in a tertiary hospital in Northwest Nigeria. Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional descriptive study where multistage sampling technique was used to select 160 health workers, including doctors, nurses, and laboratory scientists. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect data which were analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0 and Microsoft Excel 2010. Results: The mean age of the respondents was 34.57 ± 7.2 years, with males slightly more represented (54.4%) than females (45.6%). Nearly 43% were doctors, 47.0% were nurses, and 9.7% were laboratory scientists. Almost all the respondents (99.3%) felt that periodic medical checkups were important and 65.8% of them have had one before. Up to 75.2% of them often sought the attention of a doctor whenever they fell sick. Majority (75.2.%) of them practiced self-medication, with various forms of antimalarials, antibiotics, and analgesics being the commonly used drugs. The major factor preventing the respondents from going for voluntary medical checkup was the fear of the outcome of investigation (P = 0.012). Conclusion: The perception of respondents regarding periodic medical checkup was generally good. Self-medication was found to be high among respondents. Age, gender, profession, and duration of practice were found to affect both preventive and curative health-seeking behaviors.


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