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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 157-163

Prevalence of enuresis among children and adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analysis

1 Department of Surgery, Bayero University/Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria
2 Department of Surgery, Federal Medical Centre, Nguru, Yobe State, Nigeria
3 Department of Surgery, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Maiduguri, Nigeria
4 Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Ahmadu Bello University, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria
5 Infectious and Tropical Diseases Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Public Health and Diagnostic Institute, College of Medical Sciences, Northwest University, Kano State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abubakar Abdulkadir
Department of Surgery, Bayero University, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, PMB 3452, Kano, Kano State
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DOI: 10.4103/smj.smj_41_18

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Background: Enuresis is a common dilemma among minors, which is under-documented and under-disclosed. The plight has a negative effect on the quality of life, with an adverse bearing on social and academic development. The recognition of its strains on the family added to the aforementioned necessitated the designation of every last Tuesday of May as annual bedwetting day to create complacent personality among subjects faced with this challenge. Enuresis has worldwide distribution; however, the national prevalence of enuresis is unknown in Nigeria. Objective: The aim of our review is to determine the prevailing prevalence of juvenile enuresis in the country and its regions. Materials and Methods: We used electronic databases to explore reviews and select studies, and then extracted necessary data from the appraisals on prevalence and incidence of enuresis among children and adolescents from Nigerian communities. STATA 12 random effect meta-analysis of observational studies was used to compute the pooled prevalence and other estimates. Results: Twenty-four studies fall within the inclusion criteria. The combined pooled population studied was 15,172 (n = 3567 children and adolescents). The pooled prevalence of enuresis was 28.19% (22.37%–34.00%) (95% confidence interval). Conclusion: This study showed that enuresis is hyperendemic among Nigerian children and adolescents.

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