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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 214-218

Urologic day-care surgery in a Tertiary Hospital in Nigeria: A 4-year review

Urology Unit, Department of Surgery, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abubakar Sadiq Muhammad
Urology Unit, Department of Surgery, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, PMB 2370, Sokoto
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DOI: 10.4103/smj.smj_6_18

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Background: Day-care surgery is associated with economic, social, and health benefits to the patients. The increasing pressure on hospital bed and theater space serves as impetus for renewed interest in day-care surgery in our facility. Objective: To report our experience in day-care surgery in the past 4 years. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective review of patients who had urologic day-care procedures in our facility, from January 2014 to December 2017. Data were collected through pro forma and analyzed using SPSS version 20.0 for windows. Results: There were 502 patients who had day-care procedures within the study period which accounted for 43.5% of elective procedures. The patients' age ranged from 1 to 90 years. There were 494 males (98.4%) and 8 females (1.6%). The procedures were diagnostic in 89.6%, therapeutic in 9.8%, and both diagnostic and therapeutic in 0.6% of the patients. The procedures included transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostatic biopsy (74.5%), urethrocystoscopy ± biopsy and double J stent retrieval (16.7%), varicocoelectomy (2.8%), circumcision (1.4%), meatoplasty (0.6%), excisional biopsy (0.6%), and others (3.4%). Two patients (0.4%) had a conversion to inpatient admission due to persistent hematuria following urethrocystoscopy and biopsy. There were three re-admissions (0.6%) for postprostatic biopsy infection (0.4%) and surgical site infection (0.2%) following varicocoelectomy in an obese patient. Conclusion: TRUS-guided biopsy, urethrocystoscopy, and varicocoelectomy are the most common day-care procedures in our facility. The morbidity, conversion, and re-admission rates were acceptable.

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