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Year : 1999  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 34-38

Pattern of congestive cardiac failure at usmanu danfodiyo university teaching hospital, Sokoto

Department of Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
C H Njoku
Department of Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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A retrospective study of the pattern of congestive cardiac failure (CCF) at Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital (UDUTH), Sokoto between the 1st of January 1995 and 31st December, 1996 was carried out. 66 cases of congestive cardiac failure (CCF) were admitted into the medical wards of UDUTH. They included 35"!f!_les (53%) and 31 females (47%), majority of them coming from the indigenous Hausa Community, 58%, with the Fulanis, 6.1% ranking a distant second. Housewives formed the majority of the cases; (40%jollowed by farme. 8.8%. In 30.3% of the cases, the cause ofCCF could not be identified. In another 30.3% of the cases, hypertension was the cause followed by anaemia 13.6%; and valvular heart disease 10.6%. December was the month with the highest numbers of patients; I6.67% while the lowest number of patients presented in January (3.03%). Pooled together, majority of the patients presented between the months of July and September, 36.38% with (12.12%) of the patients presenting in each of these months. Overall mortality rate was 10.6% with a higher mortality rate among the females 13.33% as against 8.33% among the males.

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