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Year : 2004  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 32-35

Pattern of paediatric trauma in north western Nigeria

Department of Surgery, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria

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I A Mungadi
Department of Surgery, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto
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There is scanty literature on paediatric trauma from the developing countries. This study is aimed at contributing information on childhood injuries in North Western Nigeria . We prospectively studied childhood admission for accidental trauma at Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto over a two year period (January 1999 to December 2000). total of 403 children 15 years and below , were seen during the period. The male to female ratio was 1.8:1 . The commonest cause of trauma was road traffic accident (RTA); 35.5% of cases followed by burns; 26.8% and fall; 16.6% of cases. Foreign bodies were responsible for 5.5%, grinding machines for 3.0% and collapsing mud buildings for 1.7% of cases. Pedestrian injuries accounted for 45 .5% of RTA victims. The overall mortality was 6.2%. RTA , with an expressive pedestrian constituent, ranked as the commonest cause of trauma. Socio-economic emancipation, intra-city traffic considerations, abrogation of child labour and provision of adequate water supply should red uce these accidents . Trauma prevention and care programme in developing countries should always address paediatric injuries.

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