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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2004  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 59-63

Immunisation coverage at a primary health care level in Nigeria(with emphasis on maternal and neonatal tetanus)


Department of Community Medicine, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH) School of Health Sciences, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
A O Olowu
Department of Community Medicine, (LAUTECH) School of Health Sciences, Osogbo
Nigeria
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Deaths f rom vaccine-preventable diseases continue to contribute significantly to infant mortality, hence the global d rive against their eradication , especiall y neonatal tetanus and poliomyelitis. T his study set ou t to e valuate the level of awareness and utilization of childhood and maternal tet anus and childhood immunisation programmes at a Primary H ealth Centre, Atelowo in Osogbo, N igeria. The immunisation record was evaluated with regard s to the pattern of maternal tetanus toxoid (TT) administration and childhood immunisation . w ere 209 mothe r-baby pairs and of these, 18 (8.6) had BCG vaccination , 49 (23.4%); DPTl / OPV l, 47 ( 22 .5% ) ; D PT2/0PV2 and 23 ( 11%) ; DPT3/0PV3 . No infant received OPVO . Only (4 .3% ) of 209 babies were immunised against measles . Concerning maternal TT administration, 109 (52.2%) and 74 ( 35 .4 %) had TTl and TT2 , respectivel y . general apath y toward s immunisation was observed, with only 4 .3% of babies bein g available b y nine months of age ; the same tren d was noticed with maternal immunization . T herefore suggest ed is a house-to-house campaign for immunization and a restructuring of t he monit oring systems of t he programmes .


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