Physicians' prescribing behaviour in two tertiary health care facilities in north-western Nigeria - Analysis of 518 prescriptions
Department of Community Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
MTO Ibrahim P.O. Box 3477, Sokoto Nigeria
This descriptive, cross-sectional study examined physicians' prescribing behaviour in two tertiary care facilities in North-Western Nigeria . Five hundred and eighteen prescriptions issued to patients attending out-patient s' clinics in the study facilities were examined using the WH O / I NRUD drug use indicators.
The study findings showed an average of 3 .5 drugs per prescription , 55.7% generic prescribing,
51.2% antibiotic prescriptions , 40.6% injection prescrip tions and 16.4% of patient-doctor verbal communication on use of prescribed drugs .
Estimation and deduction of the cost of irrationally prescribed antibiotics and injections from the
average cost of prescribed drugs (232.83) resulted in a 26.7% reduction in the cost of drugs per
Appropriate recommendations are made in the light of observed findings .