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Year : 2005  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-3

Nutritional pattern and its relationship with lipids level in a sample of cameroonian type 2 diabetes subjects

1 Nutritional and Food Research Centre/Institute of Medical Research and Medicinal Plant, Yaounde, P.O. Box 6163 Yaounde, Cameroon
2 Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Yaounde / , P.O. Box 8046, Yaounde, Cameroon

Correspondence Address:
M S Caroline
Nutritional and Food Research Centre/Institute of Medical Research and Medicinal Plant, Yaounde, P.O. Box 6163 Yaounde
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AIM: To assess the nutritional pattern of Cameroonian diabetics and its relationship to lipid profile. METHODOLOGY: The nutritional status and nutrient intake of type 2 diabetes patients in Cameroon was determined using seven days food diaries. RESULTS: The median daily energy intake of these patients was found to be between 2119.27 kcal and .43 kcal for women and men. The derivation of this energy from the different macronutrient groups was as follow: lipids, 30.2-32.37%; saturated fatty acids, 9.20-9.84%; carbohydrates, 50.68-53.11%; proteins, 15.31-16.80%, alcohol, 0-3.3%. A significant number (48.9%) of subjects had fasting blood glucose levels lower than 7.4 mmol/1, while 92.77% had total cholesterol lower than 200mg/dl. Subjects ( 87. 95%) had HDL-cholesterol higher than 35mg/dl, while 74,59%had total triglycerides lower than mg/dl . CONCLUSION: The lipid profile of the majority of type 2 diabetes subjects studied in Cameroon was normal, suggesting that dietary management of type 2 diabetes in these subjects was effective.

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