A 4-year retrospective study of urinary tract infections in children
KO OkonMsc , M NwaoguBMLS , SB ZailaniFMCPath
Department of Medical Microbiology, University o f Maiduguri Teaching Hos pital, Maiduguri, Nigeria
K O Okon Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Maiduguri Nigeria
Aims/Background: Urinary tract infections in children remain worrisome with attendant high morbidity.
Methodology: This was a 4- year retrospective study of 5364 urine microbiological results from patients aged less than 16 years In a tertiary Institution.
Results: One thousand and one hundred (20.5%) showed significant bacteriuria with bacterial pathogen isolated. Escherichia coli (40.3%) and Klebsiella species (26.2%) constituted the most common bacterial pathogens responsible for infection in both gender; Proteus species was predominate among the males. The age and gender distribution showed high prevalence among the females 592(53.8%) compared with the males 508( 46 .2%), with peak Incidence of Infection In the age group 1-4 years and from 5 to 16 years in the females. The antibiotic sensitivity pattern of the bacterial isolates showed similar pattern reported In other studies, with reduced sensitivity to the frontline antibiotics used in treatment of urinary tract infectlon.
Conclusion: We conclude that proper evaluation of urinary tract infections deserve regular surveillance study in different hospital settings with basic microbiologic facilities. This is essential for early detections in changes concerning aetiological agents and the antibiotics