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Year : 2006  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 98-103

Sociodemographic factors of adult leukaemia at the university of benin teaching hospital, Benin city, Nigeria.

Department of Haematology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, P.M .B. 1111, Benin City, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
C E Omoti
Consultant Haematology, Department of Haematology, Uniuersity of Benin T eaching Hospital , P.M.B. 1111, Benin City
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Objective: To determine the Incidence and sociodemographic factors associated with various adult leukaemia subtypes In a tertiary hospital In, Nigeria. Patients and Methods: A total of 190 patients with a diagnosis of leukaemia seen over a 12-year period (1990-2002) at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital , Nigeria were studied. They were analyzed In the context of gender, marital status, geographical abode, educational and occu pational status. Results: There were 70 males and 120 females with a male-to-female ratio of 1:1.7. Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) was the more .frequent variety (31 .6% ) . Gender , marital status, geographical abode, occupational status (P = 0.0001) and educational status (P=0.0036) were significantly associated with the various types of leukaemia. Chronic leukaemias were more common In married and widowed patients while acute leukaemias were much more common in unmarried patients. All the leukaemia subtypes were more common In patients who resided in Delta state, a major oil producer. Majority of the patients with acute leukaemia were students while those with chronic leukaemia were in the lower socio­ economic classes. Conclusion: Poverty and illiteracy are additional problems with patients with chronic leukaemias. Living In Delta State where the petrochemical Industries and gas flare sites are located may be a risk factor for the development of leukaemia.

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