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BRIEF REPORT
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 171-174

Histo-Pathological features of primary ovarian tumours managed in A Tertiary Hospital, Sokoto


1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria
2 Department of Pathology, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
D C Nnadi
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto State
Nigeria
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Background: Ovarian tumours are the 2 nd most common female genital tract tumour in Sokoto, north­western, Nigeria. We determined the histo-pathological features of surgically removed ovarian tumours. Methods: A 12-year retrospective study of all surgically removed ovarian tumours at the Gynaecological department of Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital UDUTH) Sokoto, North­western Nigeria. Results: The highest incidence of ovarian tumours was within the age range of 20-45 years. Of the 125 cases of surgically removed neoplastic ovarian tumours seen during the study period, 83(66.4 %) were benign, 40(22.4%) were malignant and 2(1.6%) were of borderline malignancy. Epithelial tumours were the commonest neoplasms 54(43.2%), while germ cell tumours were present in 47(37.6%) cases. Mucinous cystadenocarcinoma was the commonest malignant ovarian tumour 14(35%) and was closely followed by granulosa cell tumour 10(25%), dysgerminoma 17.5%), serous cystadenocarcinoma (12.5%), malignant teratoma 2(5%) and endodermal sinus tumour (5%). There were 2 cases of metastatic tumours: one from Burkitts lymphoma, and the other from gestational choriocarcinoma. Conclusion: The high frequency of malignant ovarian tumours in the young age group type in this study underscores the need for histology of all surgically removed tumours irrespective of age.


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