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CASE REPORT
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 171-173

Acute flaccid quadriparesis and distal symmetrical polyneuropathy complicating tuberculosis of the urinary tract


1 Department of Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Shika, Zaria, Nigeria
2 Department of Medicine, Niger Delta University, Ammasoma, Bayelsa, Nigeria
3 Department of Radiology, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Shika, Zaria, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Onyeadumarakwe R Obiako
Department of Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Shika, Zaria
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1118-8561.125575

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Acute flaccid quadriparesis and distal symmetrical polyneuropathy (DSP) are neurological conditions associated with sudden compression of the cervical spinal cord and damage to peripheral nerves, respectively. Although quadriparesis can result from compressive myelopathy by tuberculosis (TB) of the cervical spine, it has not been reported in patients with TB of the urinary tract, either alone or in combination with DSP. We therefore report the case of a 28-year-old man who developed sudden weakness of the four limbs after 2 months of low grade fever, night sweats, malaise, and weight loss; followed by 2 weeks of low back pain, tingling sensations, and numbness of both hands and feet; all without evidence of compressive myelopathy. A diagnosis of TB of the urinary tract was made following positive Mantoux test and isolation of acid fast bacilli from one of six urine samples, and patient underwent 12 months course of antituberculous therapy with resolution of symptoms and signs of both TB infection and neurological diseass. This report has shown that anti TB therapy is effective in both TB of the urinary tract and the associated neurological complications. This report demonstrates a rare neurological complication of urinary tract Tb and the efficacy of anti TB therapy in both conditions


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