Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Home Print this page Email this page
Users Online:: 268
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 57-60

Ventilator-associated pneumonia: Its incidence, the risk factor and drug resistance pattern in a tertiary care hospital

1 Department of Microbiology, KPC Medical College, Jadavpur, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Microbiology, Calcutta National Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Microbiology, IPGMER, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rajdeep Saha
497/1, S. V. Road, 2nd Lane, Birati, Kolkata - 700 051, West Bengal
Login to access the Email id

DOI: 10.4103/1118-8561.160797

Rights and Permissions

Background: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is an infection of the lung that develops 48 h or longer after mechanical ventilation. Objectives: The present study was aimed to find out the bacteriological profile of VAP along with the resistance pattern of bacteriological isolates. Materials and Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted from January 2013 to May 2014 among 791 patients admitted in critical care units of our tertiary care hospital. After selection by applying inclusion and exclusion criteria endotracheal aspirates were collected from ventilated patients. Samples were subjected to further processing by Gram-staining, culture, biochemical testing and antibiogram. Results : Out of 791 patients admitted in intensive care unit in this tertiary care hospital with VAP 540 (68.2%) patients were culture positive. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was most commonly isolated pathogen of both early onset and late onset VAP. In early VAP Acinetobacter baumannii showed 62.5% metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL) positivity. P. aeruginosa showed 27.5% MBL positivity, whereas in late onset VAP, 71.4% A. baumannii isolates and 75.8% P. aeruginosa isolates showed MBL positivity, respectively. Conclusion : Simple prevention of aspiration, sterilization of equipments, hand washing of personnel can reduce VAP in hospital care setting.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded377    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal