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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 16-20

A histopathologic review of cervical cancer in Kano, Nigeria

Department of Pathology, Bayero University, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Alfa Alhaji Sule
Department of Pathology, Bayero University, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano
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DOI: 10.4103/1118-8561.204331

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Background: Although cervical cancer is the most common gynecological malignancy globally, with high incidence in developing countries, there has been no formal study in our locality. We, therefore, undertook this review to document and evaluate the pattern in Kano, Northern Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This is 10 years (2002–2011) retrospective study of all cervical cancers diagnosed at the Pathology Department of Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano. Results: Five hundred and forty-five cervical cancers were diagnosed during the 10 years study. Patients' ages ranged from 20 to 80 years (mean 48.30 ± standard deviation 12.61 years), with highest occurrence in the fifth to seventh decade age group. Squamous carcinoma was by far the most common histological type (82.2%), distantly followed by adenocarcinoma (12.8%) and mesenchymal/mixed Mullerian malignancies comprising 0.01% (5 cases). Conclusion: Our findings were consistent with most published reports in Nigeria and sub-Saharan Africa but somewhat at variance with the developed world where cervical cancer is much less common and afflicts a slightly older age group.

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