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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 184-190

Knowledge and attitude on neonatal jaundice among women of reproductive age group in rural community in northern Nigeria

1 Department of Public Health, Headquarters 2 Division Medical Services & Hospital, Nigerian Army, Adekunle Fajuyi Cantonment, Ibadan, Nigeria
2 Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Nigeria
3 Department of Community Medicine, College of Medical Sciences, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Nigeria
4 Department of Surgery, Federal Medical Centre, Bida, Niger State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Chinedu John-Camillus Igboanusi
Department of Public Health, Headquarters 2 Division Medical Services & Hospital, Nigerian Army, Adekunle Fajuyi Cantonment, Ibadan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/smj.smj_43_18

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Background: Neonatal jaundice (NNJ) is a common cause of hospitalization in the 1st week of life and a significant cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and attitude related to NNJ among women of reproductive age group in Basawa community, Zaria, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: The cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out in January 2017 among mothers aged 15–49 years. One hundred and seventy-two structured, pretested, interviewer-administered questionnaires were used to collect data. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 21. Results were presented in tables and charts. Results: The mean age of respondents was 34 ± 6.98 years; 158 (92%) of them were aware of NNJ and predominant sources of information from relatives (35%) and hospital (33.1%). Ninety-one percent had poor knowledge of NNJ. Only 76 (46%) and 36 (21%) respondents, respectively, identified infection and breast milk as causes of NNJ. Complications of NNJ mentioned included serious illness (56.4%) and disability (21.5%). Majority of respondents (106, 62%) had poor attitude to NNJ. About 132 (77%) believed that NNJ had an effect on neonates and was curable while only 66 (38%) believed that health education during antenatal care was a preventive measure for NNJ. A statistically significant association was found between income and level of knowledge of respondents about NNJ (P = 0.043). Conclusion: This study highlighted inadequate knowledge, poor attitude, and misconceptions about NNJ. It underscores the importance of health education programs and campaigns in addressing the gaps in knowledge.

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