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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 75-79

Association of local anesthetic method and prostate volume with the occurrence of prostate biopsy complications


1 Department of Surgery, Ahmadu Bello University and Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria
2 Department of Surgery, Barau Dikko Teaching Hospital, Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria
3 Department of Surgery, Federal Medical Center, Bida, Niger State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Musliu Adetola Tolani
Department of Surgery, Ahmadu Bello University and Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, P.M.B. 06, Shika, Zaria, Kaduna State
Nigeria
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DOI: 10.4103/smj.smj_23_20

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Background: Due to the invasive nature of prostate biopsy, it is associated with various complications. The study aimed to determine the association of local anesthetic method and prostate volume with the occurrence of these prostate biopsy complications. Materials and Methods: It was a prospective study carried out in 106 patients with indications for prostate biopsy. They were randomized into two equal groups receiving either intrarectal lidocaine gel or periprostatic nerve block. Prostate volume was determined using transrectal ultrasound, and patients were further divided into three prostate volume classes (20-40 ml, 40-100 ml, and ≥100 ml). Systematic sextant prostate biopsy was done, and the occurrence of complications (pain, bleeding, infection, and urinary retention) was documented. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software. Results: The pain scores of patients were similar irrespective of their prostate volume even with the use of different types of anesthesia. There was no significant tendency for the occurrence of bleeding, infection, and voiding complications when periprostatic nerve block or intrarectal lidocaine gel was used for pain relief. Postbiopsy cystourethritis was, however, significantly associated with the volume of the prostate (P = 0.006). Conclusion: The choice of local anesthesia does not affect the occurrence of complications following transrectal prostate biopsy. There is, however, a significant potential for the development of postbiopsy cystourethritis in patients with larger prostates.


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