Year : 2005 | Volume : 8 | Issue : 1 | Page : 12--15
An observational study of the prevalence of anaemia in clinical aids, immunological aids and hiv infection in maiduguri, north eastern Nigeria
MB Kagu1, MA Garbati2, ID Gezawa2,
1 Departments of Haematology University of M aiduguri Teaching Hospital, P.M .B. 1414, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
2 Departments of Medicine, University of M aiduguri Teaching Hospital, P.M .B. 1414, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
AIM: To deterime the prevalence of anaemia in patients with clinical AIDs METHODOLOGY: A retrospective small observational study of the prevalence of anaemia in 114 patients with confirmed HIVIAIDS seen at the department of medicine of the university of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital between January,2002 and June,2004 are reported. RESULTS: One Hundred and Three(90.4%) patients had anaemia and only 11(9.6%) did not have anaemia. one (36%) patients had immunological AIDS and anaemia was seen in 39 (95.1%) of them with median haematocrit of 31% 4.7SD. Thirty-four (29.8%) had clinical AIDS and anaemia was seen in 31(91.2%) of them with median haematocrit of 32.5% 6.ISD. Thirty-nine (34.2% ) had HIV infection and anaemia seen in · 33( 84.6%) of them with median haematocrit of 35% 7.4SD. Regression of anaemia and opportunistic infection showed a positive correlation (p-value=0.003). CONCLUSION: The study shows that anaemia is a common finding in patients with HIV/AIDS with opportunistic infection being the most likely contributing factor in our environment. A large collaborative observational cohort study design and a prospective follow up design is necessary to address questions regarding causal relationship of anaemia and survival and whether HAART may ha ve a positive impact on reducing the prevalence of anaemia in patients.